Area & Location

Pawalgarh, Corbett is Nature’s Bouquet


Walk the trails Jim Corbett traversed……

Marvelous tiger habitat nestled in the foothills of Nainital …..

Awesome biodiversity of flora and fauna, mammals, birds, butterflies and more…

The home of the Bachelor of Pawalgarh…..

The” Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve”(PCR), located in the hill state of Uttarakhand, derives its name from the village Pawalgarh situated in the foothills of Nainital district Pawalgarh, home to some marvelous forests, become famous after the publication of the story “Bachelor of Pawalgarh” in the book ”Maneaters of Kumaon” published by the legendary hunter turned conservationist, Jim Corbett, in 1944. Nicknamed the “Bachelor of Pawalgarh” the tiger was the largest ever hunted by Jim Corbett and took over a decade to hunt. It was finally shot in 1930

What is Special in Pawalgarh, Corbett


137 species of trees, 58 species of shrubs and 27 species of climbers, 52 species of herbs and 71 species of grasses & bamboos. 32 species of mammals - Tiger, Elephant, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Serow and Ghoral are just some of the mammals seen here.
352 Species of birds – lbisbill, Great Slaty, Woodpecker (and 15 other Species of Woodpeckers), Red-breasted Parakeet, Green-billed malkoha, common Green Magpie, Long-tailed Broadbill, White-bellied Erpornis and White-rumped Needletail are just some of the special birds seen here.

Exhibitions on local cuisine, local produce & handicrafts along with book reading, film shows and cultural performances.

Jim Corbett purchased Chhoti Haldwani village in 1915 and tried to develop it as a model Kumaoni village. His efforts to develop agriculture are described in his book My India. The festival will commemorate 100 years of Chhoti Haldwani’s establishment by Jim Corbett.

safari-tour-package

The Area


Representing 2.2% of the Earth’s total land area, India has an incredible biodiversity of species. With 16 lakh species known to science and harbouring over 4.0 lakh. (7.5% of the Worlds known species), India ranks amongst the Worlds top 12 Mega diversity Countries.

India's Himalayan State of Uttarakhand has amazing bird diversity with 687 bird species having been recorded representing more than half the avifaunal diversity of India. Unfortunately, this phenomenal diversity remains largely untapped for ecotourism. The "Uttarakhand Birdwatching Programme" was launched by Forest Department’s Ecotourism Wing in February 2012 to bridge this gap by increasing awareness regarding birds, improving birdwatching skills and linking known rural tourism destinations with birdwatching activity.

Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve is located in the beautiful, vast and rich forests of Ramangar Forest Division which in turn is a part of the Terai Arc Landscape. The Conservation Reserve was notified in December 2012 encompassing an area of nearly 60 sq. km. The area had been the home turf of Jim Corbett and many of his writings are set in this area. Sandani Gaja–a beautiful, large grassland in proximity of riverine forests is located 5 km south-east of Pawalgarh Forest Rest House. According to Jim Corbett, Sandani Gaja ‘in addition to being the most beautiful spot for a hundred miles round is noted for its birdlife’. The area is primarily drained by Dabka River and has prime forests of Sal and other species. Baur River flows to the east of the area. Kotabagh plateau is under inhabitation and agriculture but the forest edges are rich in bird life. The entire landscape in the backdrop of Nainital range of mountains is a mosaic of dense Sal, mixed and riverine forest, grasslands, rocky river-beds, inhabitation and agriculture. The area is already attracting a large number of birding visitors on account of its diverse birdlife, estimated to be over 350 bird species.

The First Uttarakhand Spring Bird Festival 2014 was organized at the Asan Conservation Reserve from 5th to 9th February 2014. This newsletter captures some of the excitement that was witnessed during the Bird Festival. Uttarakhand Spring Bird Festival at Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve and Chhoti Haldwani Centenary Festival are the main highlights. The Festival will take visitors right into Jim Corbett’s “farmyard” and promises greater participation, more diverse trails for birdwatching, increased activities and attention to sustainability issues. Come and join us at Pawalgarh to celebrate this unique natural heritage.

Trails at the birding destination/birding strategy: A 5 km trail from Pawalgarh to Sandani Gaja grassland takes you through forest edges, dense Sal and riverine forests and grassland habitats. Around Pawalgarh, short trails leading to the picturesque Dabka Valley can be very rewarding. The immediate surrounds of the Sitabani, which is about 5 km from Pawalgarh on a forest road, has a diverse assemblage of birds. Sitabani is the best place for ‘arm-chair forest bird-watching’! The 5 km trail from Sitabani to Kyari village passes through dense forests and is also known for its bird richness.


Pawalgarh's Wetlands


Pawalgarh's rivers apart, numerous other wetlands play host to water birds and many other species of avifauna which are migratory. The well-known Baur Reservoir is fed by the Baur and Kakrala Rivers. The periphery is dominated by agricultural activities, while the catchment is dominated by forests of two types - Moist Terai Sal forest and Dry Siwalik Sal forest. The Baur Reservoir is an excellent location to see an array of waterbirds-both species of jacana, numerous species of waterfowl and many waders.
The Haripura Reservoir, located almost adjacent to the Baur Reservoir, is fed by the Bhakra and Khazia Rivers. Sixty one species of waterbirds and four species of wetland dependant birds belonging to a total of 15 families have been recorded from Haripura. It is the only known location where the Grey-headed Lapwing can be seen in Uttarakhand. Both the reservoirs are easily approached from Kaladhungi. Come explore Pawalgarh’s wetlands.

wildlife-birds

Birds at Pawalgarh, Corbett

The hill state of Uttarakhand has terrific avifaunal diversity. Of the 1303 bird species recorded from India, compiled from the IOC World Bird List (Gill & Donsker, 2014), more than 50% are found in Uttarakhand. The state’s varies from the terai region in the plains, the bhabhars (the outermost foothills of the Himalaya), the Shivaliks (sub-Himalayan range), the Lower Himalayas and finally, the high altitudinal Greater Himalayas. The amazing diversity in habitat from the plains up to the numerous mountain peaks that exceed altitudes of 7,000 m results in marvelous avifaunal diversity


 

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S. NO.

ENGLISH NAME

ALTERNATE
ENGLISH NAME

SCIENTIFIC
NAME

REMARKS

1

Snow Partridge

 

Lerwa lerwa

 

2

Himalayan Snowcock

 

Tetraogallus himalayensis

 

3

Chukar-Partridge

Chukar Partridge

Alectoris chukar

 

4

Black Francolin

Black
Partridge

Francolinus francolinus

 

5

Grey Francolin

Grey
Partridge

Francolinus pondicerianus

 

6

Tibetan Partridge

 

Perdix hodgsoniae

 

7

Common Quail

Grey Quail

Coturnix coturnix

 

8

Jungle Bush Quail

 

Perdicula asiatica

 

9

Himalayan Quail

Mountain
Quail,
Himalayan
Rock Quail

Ophrysia superciliosa

Critically
Endangered.
Feared extinct. West Himalayan endemic.

10

Hill Partridge

Common Hill Partridge

Arborophila torqueola

 

11

Rufousthroated Partridge

Rufousthroated Hillpartridge

Arborophila rufogularis

 

12

Red Spurfowl

 

Galloperdix spadicea

 

13

Western Tragopan

 

Tragopan melanocephalus

Vulnerable.
West Himalayan endemic.

14

Satyr Tragopan

 

Tragopan satyra

Near
Threatened

15

Koklass Pheasant

 

Pucrasia macrolopha

 

16

Himalayan Monal

Impeyan Monal

Lophophorus impejanus

 

17

Red Junglefowl

 

Gallus gallus

 

18

Kalij Pheasant

 

Lophura leucomelanos

 

19

Cheer Pheasant

 

Catreus wallichii

Vulnerable.
West Himalayan endemic.

20

Indian Peafowl

 

Pavo cristatus

 

21

Lesser Whistling Duck

 

Dendrocygna javanica

 

22

Greylag Goose

 

Anser anser

 

23

Greater Whitefronted Goose

 

Anser albifrons

 

24

Lesser Whitefronted Goose

 

Anser erythropus

Vulnerable

25

Bar-headed Goose

 

Anser indicus

 

26

Knob-billed Duck

Comb Duck/ Nakta

Sarkidiornis melanotos

 

27

Common Shelduck

 

Tadorna tadorna

 

28

Ruddy Shelduck

Brahminy Duck

Tadorna ferruginea

 

29

Cotton Pygmy Goose

Cotton Teal

Nettapus coromandelianus

 

30

Gadwall

 

Anas strepera

 

31

Falcated Duck

Falcated Teal

Anas falcata

Near
Threatened

32

Eurasian Wigeon

 

Anas penelope

 

33

Mallard

 

Anas platyrhynchos

 

34

Indian Spotbilled Duck

Spot-billed
Duck

Anas poecilorhyncha

Species
split: Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonoryncha is eastern species

35

Northern Shoveler

 

Anas clypeata

 

36

Northern Pintail

 

Anas acuta

 

37

Garganey

 

Anas querquedula

 

38

Eurasian Teal

Common
Teal

Anas crecca

 

39

Marbled Duck

Marbled Teal

Marmaronetta angustirostris

Vulnerable

40

Red-crested Pochard

 

Netta rufina

 

41

Common Pochard

 

Aythya ferina

 

42

Baer's Pochard

 

Aythya baeri

Critically
Endangered

43

Ferruginous Duck

Ferruginous
Pochard,
White-eyed
Pochard

Aythya nyroca

Near
Threatened

44

Tufted Duck

Tufted Pochard

Aythya fuligula

 

45

Greater Scaup

 

Aythya marila

 

46

Long-tailed Duck

 

Clangula hyemalis

Vulnerable

47

Common Goldeneye

 

Bucephala clangula

 

48

Common Merganser

 

Mergus merganser

 

49

Little Grebe

 

Tachybaptus
ruficollis

 

50

Red-necked Grebe

 

Podiceps grisegena

 

51

Great Crested Grebe

 

Podiceps cristatus

 

52

Slavonian Grebe

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

Vagrant

53

Black-necked Grebe

 

Podiceps
nigricollis

 

54

Greater Flamingo

 

Phoenicopterus roseus

Vagrant

55

Painted Stork

 

Mycteria leucocephala

Near
Threatened

56

Asian Openbill

 

Anastomus oscitans

 

57

Black Stork

 

Ciconia nigra

 

58

Woolly-necked Stork

Whitenecked Stork

Ciconia episcopus

 

59

White Stork

European White Stork

Ciconia ciconia

 

60

Black-necked Stork

 

Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

Near
Threatened

61

Lesser Adjutant

 

Leptoptilos javanicus

Vulnerable

62

Black-headed Ibis

Oriental White Ibis

Threskiornis melanocephalus

Near
Threatened

63

Red-naped Ibis

Indian Black
Ibis, Black
Ibis

Pseudibis papillosa

 

64

Glossy Ibis

 

Plegadis falcinellus

 

65

Eurasian Spoonbill

 

Platalea leucorodia

 

66

Great Bittern

Eurasian Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

 

67

Little Bittern

 

Ixobrychus minutus

 

68

Yellow Bittern

 

Ixobrychus sinensis

 

69

Cinnamon Bittern

Chestnut Bittern

Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

 

70

Black Bittern

 

Dupetor
flavicollis

 

71

Black-crowned Night Heron

 

Nycticorax nycticorax

 

72

Striated Heron

Little Heron,
Little Green
Heron

Butorides striata

 

73

Indian Pond Heron

 

Ardeola grayii

 

74

Eastern Cattle Egret

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus coromandus

Species split:
Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis is western species.

75

Grey Heron

 

Ardea cinerea

 

76

Purple Heron

 

Ardea purpurea

 

77

Western Great Egret

Large Egret

Ardea alba

 

78

Intermediate Egret

Median Egret

Egretta intermedia

 

79

Little Egret

 

Egretta garzetta

 

80

Western Reef Heron

Western Reef Egret

Egretta gularis

Vagrant

81

Great White Pelican

 

Pelecanus onocrotalus

 

82

Spot-billed Pelican

 

Pelecanus philippensis

Near
Threatened

83

Little Cormorant

 

Microcarbo niger

 

84

Indian Cormorant

Indian Shag

Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

 

85

Great Cormorant

 

Phalacrocorax carbo

 

86

Oriental Darter

Various species of dater referred to as “Snake Bird”

Anhinga melanogaster

Near
Threatened

87

Osprey

Western Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

 

88

Black Baza

 

Aviceda leuphotes

Vagrant

89

Crested Honey-buzzard

Oriental Honeybuzzard

Pernis ptilorhynchus

 

90

Black-winged Kite

Blackshouldered
Kite

Elanus caeruleus

 

91

Black Kite

Pariah Kite

Milvus migrans

Black-eared Kite Milvus migrans lineatus is considered as a full species by some authors.

92

Brahminy Kite

 

Haliastur indus

 

93

Pallas's Fish Eagle

 

Haliaeetus leucoryphus

Vulnerable

94

White-tailed Eagle

White-tailed Fish Eagle

Haliaeetus albicilla

Near
Threatened

95

Lesser Fish Eagle

Lesser Greyheaded Fish
Eagle

Icthyophaga humilis

Near
Threatened

96

Grey-headed Fish Eagle

Greater
Grey-headed
Fish Eagle

Icthyophaga ichthyaetus

Near
Threatened

97

Bearded Vulture

Lammergeier

Gypaetus barbatus

 

98

Egyptian Vulture

Neophron,
Scavenger
Vulture

Neophron percnopterus

Endangered

99

White-rumped Vulture

Whitebacked
Vulture, Indian Whitebacked
Vulture

Gyps bengalensis

Critically
Endangered

100

Slender-billed Vulture

 

Gyps tenuirostris

Critically
Endangered

101

Himalayan Vulture

Himalayan Griffon

Gyps himalayensis

 

102

Griffon Vulture

Eurasian Griffon

Gyps fulvus

 

103

Red-headed Vulture

King Vulture

Sarcogyps calvus

Critically
Endangered

104

Cinereous Vulture

 

Aegypius monachus

Near
Threatened

105

Short-toed Snake Eagle

Short-toed Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

 

106

Crested Serpent Eagle

 

Spilornis cheela

 

107

Western Marsh Harrier

Eurasian
Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus

Species split:
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus is eastern species

108

Hen Harrier

Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus

 

109

Pallid Harrier

Pale Harrier

Circus macrourus

Near
Threatened

110

Pied Harrier

 

Circus melanoleucos

 

111

Montagu's Harrier

 

Circus pygargus

 

112

Crested Goshawk

 

Accipiter trivirgatus

 

113

Shikra

 

Accipiter badius

 

114

Besra

Besra
Sparrowhawk

Accipiter virgatus

 

115

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

 

Accipiter nisus

 

116

Northern Goshawk

 

Accipiter gentilis

 

117

White-eyed Buzzard

 

Butastur teesa

 

118

Common Buzzard

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo

Status uncertain

119

Himalayan Buzzard

 

Buteo burmanicus

Species
split. Earlier considered subspecies of Common Buzzard Buteo buteo

120

Long-legged Buzzard

 

Buteo rufinus

 

121

Upland Buzzard

 

Buteo hemilasius

 

122

Black Eagle

 

Ictinaetus malayensis

 

123

Indian Spotted Eagle

 

Aquila hastata

Species split:
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga winters in N. Indian plains. Vulnerable.

124

Greater Spotted Eagle

 

Aquila clanga

Species split:
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata is a N.
Indian resident.

125

Tawny Eagle

 

Aquila rapax

 

126

Steppe Eagle

 

Aquila nipalensis

 

127

Eastern Imperial Eagle

 

Aquila heliaca

Vulnerable

128

Golden Eagle

 

Aquila chrysaetos

 

129

Bonelli's Eagle

 

Aquila fasciata

 

130

Booted Eagle

 

Hieraaetus pennatus

 

131

Rufous-bellied Hawk Eagle

 

Lophotriorchis kienerii

 

132

changeable Hawk Eagle

 

Nisaetus limnaeetus

Species split:
Crested HawkEagle Nisaetus cirrhatus is found in peninsular India

133

Mountain Hawk Eagle

 

Nisaetus nipalensis

Species split:
Legge’s Hawk Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti is southern species

134

Collared Falconet

 

Microhierax caerulescens

 

135

Common Kestrel

 

Falco tinnunculus

 

136

Red-necked Falcon

Red-headed Falcon

Falco chicquera

 

137

Amur Falcon

 

Falco amurensis

 

138

Eurasian Hobby

 

Falco subbuteo

 

139

Oriental Hobby

 

Falco severus

 

140

Laggar Hobby

 

Falco jugger

Near
Threatened

141

Peregrine Hobby

 

Falco peregrinus

 

142

Slaty-legged Crake

 

Rallina eurizonoides

 

143

Water Rail

European Water Rail

Rallus aquaticus

Species split:
Brown-cheeked Rail Rallus indicus was formerly considered conspecific with Water Rail
R. aquaticus

144

Brown Crake

 

Amaurornis akool

 

145

White-breasted Waterhen

 

Amaurornis phoenicurus

 

146

Baillon's Crake

 

Porzana pusilla

 

147

Ruddybreasted Crake

 

Porzana fusca

 

148

Purple Swamphen

Purple Moorhen

Porphyrio porphyrio

 

149

Common Moorhen

 

Gallinula chloropus

 

150

Eurasian Coot

Common Coot

Fulica atra

 

151

Sarus Crane

 

Grus antigone

Vulnerable

152

Demoiselle Crane

 

Grus virgo

 

153

Common Crane

 

Grus grus

 

154

Small Buttonquail

 

Turnix sylvaticus

 

155

Barred Buttonquail

Common
Buttonquail

Turnix suscitator

 

156

Indian Thick- knee

Indian Stonecurlew

Burhinus indicus

Eurasian Thickknee Burhinus oedicnemus is
found in extreme
NW India

157

Great Thicknee

Great Stonecurlew,
Great
Stone-plover

Esacus
recurvirostris

 

158

Ibisbill

 

Ibidorhyncha struthersii

 

159

Black-winged Stilt

 

Himantopus himantopus

 

160

Pied Avocet

 

Recurvirostra avosetta

 

161

Northern Lapwing

Peewit

Vanellus vanellus

 

162

River Lapwing

Spur-winged Lapwing

Vanellus duvaucelii

Near
Threatened

163

Yellow-wattled Lapwing

 

Vanellus malabaricus

 

164

Grey-headed Lapwing

 

Vanellus cinereus

 

165

Red-wattled Lapwing

 

Vanellus indicus

 

166

Sociable Lapwing

Sociable Plover

Vanellus gregarius

Vulnerable

167

White-tailed Lapwing

 

Vanellus leucurus

 

168

Long-billed Plover

Long-billed
Ringed
Plover

Charadrius placidus

 

169

Little Ringed Plover

 

Charadrius dubius

 

170

Kentish Plover

 

Charadrius alexandrinus

 

171

Lesser Sand Plover

 

Charadrius mongolus

 

172

Greater Sand Plover

 

Charadrius leschenaultii

 

173

Greater Painted Snipe

 

Rostratula benghalensis

 

174

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

 

Hydrophasianus chirurgus

 

175

Bronze-winged Jacana

 

Metopidius indicus

 

176

Eurasian Woodcock

 

Scolopax rusticola

 

177

Jack Snipe

 

Lymnocryptes minimus

 

178

Solitary Snipe

 

Gallinago solitaria

 

179

Wood Snipe

 

Gallinago nemoricola

Vulnerable

180

Pin-tailed Snipe

 

Gallinago stenura

 

181

Common Snipe

 

Gallinago gallinago

 

182

Black-tailed Godwit

 

Limosa limosa

Near
Threatened

183

Eurasian Curlew

 

Numenius arquata

Near
Threatened

184

Spotted Redshank

 

Tringa erythropus

 

185

Common Redshank

 

Tringa totanus

 

186

Marsh Sandpiper

 

Tringa stagnatilis

 

187

Common Greenshank

 

Tringa nebularia

 

188

Green Sandpiper

 

Tringa ochropus

 

189

Wood Sandpiper

 

Tringa glareola

 

190

Common Sandpiper

 

Actitis
hypoleucos

 

191

Little Stint

 

Calidris minuta

 

192

Temminck's Stint

 

Calidris temminckii

 

193

Dunlin

 

Calidris alpina

 

194

Ruff

 

Philomachus pugnax

 

195

Small Pratincole

 

Glareola lactea

 

196

Indian Skimmer

 

Rynchops
albicollis

Vulnerable

197

Brown-headed Gull

 

Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus

 

198

Black-headed Gull

Common
Blackheaded Gull

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

 

199

Pallas's Gull

Great Blackheaded Gull

Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus

 

200

Caspian Gull

Yellowlegged Gull

Larus cachinnans

 

201

Gull-billed Tern

 

Gelochelidon nilotica

 

202

River Tern

 

Sterna aurantia

Near
Threatened

203

Common Tern

 

Sterna hirundo

 

204

Black-bellied Tern

 

Sterna acuticauda

Endangered

205

Whiskered Tern

 

Chlidonias hybrida

 

206

Common Pigeon

Rock
Pigeon, Blue
Rock

Columba livia

 

207

Hill

 

Columba
rupestris

 

208

Snow

 

Columba leuconota

 

209

Yellow-eyed

Pale-backed
,
Eastern
Stock

Columba eversmanni

Vagrant.
Vulnerable.

210

Common
Wood

 

Columba palumbus

 

211

Speckled
Wood

 

Columba hodgsonii

 

212

Oriental Turtle
Dove

 

Streptopelia orientalis

 

213

Eurasian
Collared Dove

Ring Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

 

214

Red Turtle
Dove

Red
Collared
Dove

Streptopelia tranquebarica

 

215

Spotted Dove

 

Spilopelia chinensis

 

216

Laughing Dove

Little Brown
Dove

Spilopelia senegalensis

 

217

Common
Emerald Dove

Emerald Dove

Chalcophaps indica

 

218

Orangebreasted Green Pigeon

 

Treron bicinctus

 

219

Yellow-footed Green

Yellowlegged Green
Pigeon

Treron phoenicopterus

 

220

Pin-tailed
Green

 

Treron apicauda

 

221

Wedge-tailed Green

 

Treron sphenurus

 

222

Alexandrine Parakeet

 

Psittacula eupatria

 

223

Rose-ringed Parakeet

 

Psittacula krameri

 

224

Slaty-headed Parakeet

Himalayan Parakeet

Psittacula himalayana

 

225

Plum-headed Parakeet

Blossomheaded Parakeet

Psittacula cyanocephala

 

226

Red-breasted Parakeet

 

Psittacula alexandri

 

227

Greater Coucal

Crow
Pheasant

Centropus sinensis

 

228

Lesser Coucal

 

Centropus bengalensis

 

229

Sirkeer Malkoha

 

Taccocua leschenaultii

 

230

Green-billed Malkoha

 

Phaenicophaeus
tristis

 

231

Chestnutwinged Cuckoo

Chestnutwinged  Crested
Cuckoo,
Red-winged
Cuckoo

Clamator coromandus

 

232

Jacobin Cuckoo

Pied
Crested
Cuckoo,
Pied Cuckoo

Clamator jacobinus

 

233

Asian Koel

 

Eudynamys scolopaceus

 

234

Banded Bay Cuckoo

 

Cacomantis sonneratii

 

235

Grey-bellied Cuckoo

Grey-bellied
Plaintive
Cuckoo,
Indian
Plaintive
Cuckoo

Cacomantis passerinus

 

236

Fork-tailed Drongo Cuckoo

Drongo Cuckoo

Surniculus dicruroides

Species split:
Square-tailed
Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris is south India species. Sometime considered conspecific.

237

Large HawkCuckoo

 

Hierococcyx sparverioides

 

238

Common HawkCuckoo

Brainfever Bird

Hierococcyx varius

 

239

Lesser Cuckoo

Small Cuckoo

Cuculus poliocephalus

 

240

Indian Cuckoo

 

Cuculus micropterus

 

241

Himalayan Cuckoo

Oriental
Cuckoo

Cuculus saturatus

 

242

Common Cuckoo

Eurasian Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus

 

243

Western Barn Owl

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

 

244

Eastern Grass Owl

Grass Owl

Tyto longimembris

Species
split:  African
Grass Owl Tyto capensis is western species, extralimital.

245

Mountain Scops Owl

Spotted Scops Owl

Otus spilocephalus

 

246

Indian Scops Owl

 

Otus bakkamoena

Species split:
Collared Scops Owl Otus lettia is considered by some authors as a separate species.

247

Oriental Scops Owl

 

Otus sunia

Species split:
Eurasian Scops
Owl Otus scops

248

Indian Eagle Owl

Great
Horned Owl

Bubo bengalensis

Species split:
Eurasian EagleOwl  Bubo bubo found in Himalaya above 1,800
m. Considered conspecific with B. bengalensis by some authors.

249

Spot-bellied Eagle Owl

Forest Eagle
Owl

Bubo nipalensis

 

250

Dusky Eagle Owl

 

Bubo coromandus

 

251

Brown Fish Owl

 

Ketupa zeylonensis

 

252

Tawny Fish Owl

 

Ketupa flavipes

 

253

Mottled Wood Owl

 

Strix ocellata

 

254

Brown Wood Owl

 

Strix
leptogrammica

 

255

Himalayan Wood Owl

 

Strix nivcolum

Split species: Tawny Owl
Strix aluco is found Kashmir westwards

256

Collared Owlet

 

Glaucidium brodiei

 

257

Asian Barred Owlet

 

Glaucidium cuculoides

 

258

Jungle Owlet

 

Glaucidium radiatum

 

259

Spotted Owlet

 

Athene brama

 

260

Brown Hawk Owl

 

Ninox scutulata

Species split:
Hume’s Hawk Owl Ninox obscura and
Andaman Hawk
Owl Ninox affinis both earlier considered conspecific with N. scutulata, are found in Andamans.

261

Long-eared Owl

Northern
Long-eared
Owl

Asio otus

 

262

Short-eared Owl

 

Asio flammeus

 

263

Grey Nightjar

 

Caprimulgus jotaka

Species split:
Indian Jungle Nightjar
Caprimulgus indicus is the southern species

264

Large-tailed Nightjar

Long-tailed Nightjar

Caprimulgus macrurus

Species split:
Jerdon’s Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis is southern India species

265

Indian Nightjar

Indian Little
Nightjar,
Common
Indian
Nightjar

Caprimulgus asiaticus

 

266

Savanna Nightjar

Franklin’s Nightjar

Caprimulgus
affinis

 

267

Crested Treeswift

 

Hemiprocne coronata

 

268

Himalayan Swiftlet

 

Aerodramus
brevirostris

 

269

White-rumped Spinetail

Whiterumped
Needletail
Swift, Indian Whiterumped Spinetail

Zoonavena sylvatica

 

270

White-throated Needletail

Whitethroated Needletail
Swift

Hirundapus caudacutus

 

271

Asian Palm Swift

 

Cypsiurus balasiensis

 

272

Alpine Swift

 

Tachymarptis melba

 

273

Fork-tailed Swift

Pacific Swift

Apus pacificus

 

274

House Swift

 

Apus nipalensis

Species split:
Little Swift Apus affinis is found south of Himalayas

275

Red-headed Trogon

 

Harpactes erythrocephalus

 

276

Indian Roller

 

Coracias benghalensis

 

277

European Roller

 

Coracias garrulus

Near
Threatened

278

Oriental Dollarbird

Oriental
Broad-billed
Roller

Eurystomus orientalis

 

279

Stork-billed Kingfisher

 

Pelargopsis capensis

 

280

White-throated Kingfisher

Whitebreasted Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis

 

281

Blue-eared Kingfisher

 

Alcedo meninting

Vagrant

282

Common Kingfisher

Small Blue Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

 

283

Crested Kingfisher

Himalayan
Pied
Kingfisher,
Greater Pied
Kingfisher

Megaceryle lugubris

 

284

Pied Kingfisher

Lesser Pied Kingfisher

Ceryle rudis

 

285

Blue-bearded Bee-eater

 

Nyctyornis athertoni

 

286

Green Beeeater

Little Green
Bee-eater,
Small Green
Bee-eater

Merops orientalis

 

287

Blue-cheeked Beeeater

 

Merops persicus

 

288

Blue-tailed Beeeater

 

Merops philippinus

 

289

Chestnutheaded Beeeater

 

Merops leschenaulti

 

290

European Beeeater

 

Merops apiaster

 

291

Eurasian Hoopoe

Common Hoopoe

Upupa epops

 

292

Indian Grey Hornbill

 

Ocyceros
birostris

 

293

Oriental Pied Hornbill

Indian Pied Hornbill

Anthracoceros albirostris

 

294

Great Hornbill

Great Pied Hornbill

Buceros bicornis

Near
Threatened

295

Great Barbet

Great Hill Barbet

Megalaima virens

 

296

Brown-headed Barbet

Large Green Barbet

Megalaima zeylanica

 

297

Lineated Barbet

 

Megalaima lineata

 

298

Blue-throated Barbet

 

Megalaima asiatica

 

299

Coppersmith Barbet

Crimsonbreasted Barbet

Megalaima haemacephala

 

300

Yellow-rumped Honeyguide

 

Indicator xanthonotus

Near
Threatened

301

Eurasian Wryneck

 

Jynx torquilla

 

302

Speckled Piculet

 

Picumnus innominatus

 

303

White-browed Piculet

Rufous Piculet

Sasia ochracea

Vagrant

304

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker

Sapsucker

Dendrocopos hyperythrus

 

305

Browncapped Pygmy Woodpecker

Indian
Pygmy
Woodpecker

Dendrocopos nanus

 

306

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

 

Dendrocopos canicapillus

 

307

Fulvousbreasted Woodpecker

Fulvousbreasted Pied
Woodpecker

Dendrocopos macei

 

308

Brown-fronted Woodpecker

Brown-
fronted Pied Woodpecker

Dendrocopos auriceps

 

309

Yellowcrowned Woodpecker

Mahratta
Woodpecker, Yellowfronted Pied Woodpecker

Dendrocopos mahrattensis

 

310

Himalayan Woodpecker

Himalayan
Pied
Woodpecker

Dendrocopos himalayensis

 

311

Greater Yellownape

Greater
Yellow-naped
Woodpecker,
Large
Yellow-naped
Woodpecker

Chrysophlegma flavinucha

 

312

Lesser Yellownape

Lesser
Yellow-naped
Woodpecker,
Small
Yellow-naped
Woodpecker

Picus chlorolophus

 

313

Streak-throated Woodpecker

Little Scalybellied Green
Woodpecker

Picus xanthopygaeus

 

314

Scaly-bellied Woodpecker

Large Scalybellied
Green
Woodpecker

Picus squamatus

 

315

Grey-headed Woodpecker

Black-naped
Green
Woodpecker, Grey-faced
Woodpecker

Picus canus

 

316

Himalayan Goldenback

Himalayan Flameback

Dinopium shorii

 

317

Lesser Goldenback

Blackrumped Flameback,
Lesser
Goldenback
Woodpecker

Dinopium benghalense

 

318

Greater Goldenback

Greater
Flameback,
Greater
Golden-back
Woodpecker

Chrysocolaptes lucidus

 

319

White-naped Woodpecker

White-naped
Flameback, Blackbacked Flameback

Chrysocolaptes festivus

 

320

Rufous Woodpecker

 

Micropternus brachyurus

 

321

Great Slaty Woodpecker

 

Mulleripicus pulverulentus

Vulnerable

322

Long-tailed Broadbill

 

Psarisomus dalhousiae

 

323

Hooded Pitta

 

Pitta sordida

 

324

Indian Pitta

 

Pitta brachyura

 

325

Bar-winged Flycatchershrike

Pied
FlycatcherShrike

Hemipus picatus

 

326

Large Woodshrike

 

Tephrodornis virgatus

Species split: Malabar
Woodshrike
Tephrodornis sylvicola, found in Western Ghats, is now consideredseparate species.

327

Common Woodshrike

 

Tephrodornis pondicerianus

 

328

Ashy Woodshrike

 

Artamus fuscus

 

329

Common Iora

 

Aegithina tiphia

 

330

Large Cuckooshrike

 

Coracina macei

 

331

Black-winged Cuckooshrike

Smaller Grey Cuckooshrike

Coracina melaschistos

 

332

Black-headed Cuckooshrike

 

Coracina melanoptera

 

333

Rosy Minivet

 

Pericrocotus roseus

 

334

Small Minivet

 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

 

335

Long-tailed Minivet

 

Pericrocotus ethologus

 

336

Short-billed Minivet

 

Pericrocotus brevirostris

 

337

Scarlet Minivet

 

Pericrocotus speciosus

Species split:
Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
is found in peninsular India

338

Brown Shrike

 

Lanius cristatus

 

339

Isabelline Shrike

Rufoustailed Shrike

Lanius isabellinus

Species split:
Rufous-tailed Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides was earlier conspecific with this species.
Vagrant

340

Bay-backed Shrike

 

Lanius vittatus

 

341

Long-tailed Shrike

Rufousbacked Shrike

Lanius schach

 

342

Grey-backed Shrike

 

Lanius tephronotus

 

343

Southern Grey Shrike

 

Lanius meridionalis

Species split:
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor was earlier conspecific with this species.

344

White-bellied Erpornis

White-
bellied
Yuhina

Erpornis zantholeuca

 

345

Himalayan Shrike-babbler

Whitebrowed Shrikebabbler

Pteruthius ripleyi

Species split:
Pied Shrike-
Babbler
Pteruthius flaviscapis  is now a Javan species

346

Green Shrikebabbler

 

Pteruthius xanthochlorus

 

347

Indian Golden Oriole

Golden Oriole

Oriolus kundoo

Species split:
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus is the western species

348

Black-hooded Oriole

Blackheaded Oriole

Oriolus xanthornus

 

349

Maroon Oriole

 

Oriolus traillii

 

350

Black Drongo

 

Dicrurus macrocercus

 

351

Ashy Drongo

 

Dicrurus leucophaeus

 

352

White-bellied Drongo

 

Dicrurus caerulescens

 

353

Crow-billed Drongo

 

Dicrurus annectans

 

354

Bronzed Drongo

 

Dicrurus aeneus

 

355

Lesser Rackettailed Drongo

 

Dicrurus remifer

 

356

Hair-crested Drongo

Spangled Drongo

Dicrurus hottentottus

 

357

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

 

Dicrurus paradiseus

 

358

White-throated Fantail

Whitethroated Fantail Flycatcher

Rhipidura albicollis

Species split: Whitespotted Fantail Rhipidura albogularis, formerly considered a subspecies of R. albicollis, is found in peninsular India.

359

White-browed Fantail

Whitebrowed
Fantail
Flycatcher

Rhipidura aureola

 

360

Black-naped Monarch

Blacknaped Blue Flycatcher

Hypothymis azurea

 

361

Asian Paradise Flycatcher

 

Terpsiphone paradisi

 

362

Eurasian Jay

Redcrowned Jay

Garrulus glandarius

 

363

Black-headed Jay

Blackthroated Jay

Garrulus lanceolatus

 

364

Yellow-billed Blue Magpie

 

Urocissa
flavirostris

 

365

Red-billed Blue Magpie

 

Urocissa erythroryncha

 

366

Common Green Magpie

 

Cissa chinensis

 

367

Rufous-Treepie

Indian Treepie

Dendrocitta vagabunda

 

368

Grey-Treepie

Himalayan Treepie

Dendrocitta formosae

 

369

Eurasian Magpie

Common
Magpie,
Black-billed
Magpie

Pica pica

 

370

Spotted Nutcracker

Eurasian Nutcracker

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Species split:
Large-spotted
Nutcracker Nucifraga multipunctata now considered a separate species by some authors, is found in NW Himalayas. 

371

Red-billed Chough

 

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

 

372

Alpine Chough

Yellow-billed
Chough

Pyrrhocorax graculus

 

373

House Crow

 

Corvus splendens

 

374

Large-billed Crow

 

Corvus macrorhynchos

 

375

Indian Jungle Crow

 

Corvus culminatus

Species
split, earlier considered conspecific with Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos

376

Northern Raven

Common Raven

Corvus corax

 

377

Yellow-bellied Fantail

Yellowbellied Fantail
Flycatcher

Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

 

378

Grey-headed Canaryflycatcher

 

Culicicapa ceylonensis

 

379

Rufous-naped Tit

Rufousnaped
Crested Tit

Periparus rufonuchalis

 

380

Rufous-vented Tit

Rufous-
bellied Tit

Periparus rubidiventris

 

381

Coal Tit

 

Periparus ater

Spot-winged Tit Periparus melanolophus now considered a subspecies of  Coal Tit P. ater.

382

Grey Crested Tit

Brown
Crested Tit

Lophophanes dichrous

 

383

Cinereous Tit

Great Tit

Parus cinereus

Species split: Great Tit Parus major is western species

384

Green-backed Tit

 

Parus monticolus

 

385

Himalayan Black-lored Tit

Yellowcheeked Tit

Parus xanthogenys

Species split: Indian Blacklored Tit Parus aplonotus is found in N and peninsular India

386

Yellow-browed Tit

 

Sylviparus modestus

 

387

White-crowned Penduline Tit

 

Remiz coronatus

Vagrant

388

Fire-capped Tit

 

Cephalopyrus flammiceps

 

389

Singing Bush Lark

 

Mirafra cantillans

Vagrant

390

Bengal Bush Lark

Bush Lark

Mirafra assamica

 

391

Indian Bush Lark

Red-winged Bush Lark

Mirafra erythroptera

 

392

Sand Lark

Indian Shorttoed Lark

Calandrella raytal

 

393

Crested Lark

Large
Crested Lark

Galerida cristata

 

394

Oriental Skylark

Eastern Skylark

Alauda gulgula

 

395

Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark

Ashycrowned Finch-Lark

Eremopterix griseus

 

396

Striated Bulbul

 

Pycnonotus
striatus

Vagrant

397

Black-crested Bulbul

 

Pycnonotus
flaviventris

 

398

Red-whiskered Bulbul

 

Pycnonotus jocosus

 

399

Himalayan Bulbul

Whitecheeked Bulbul

Pycnonotus leucogenys

 

400

Red-vented Bulbul

 

Pycnonotus cafer

 

401

White-throated Bulbul

 

Alophoixus flaveolus

Vagrant

402

Mountain Bulbul

Rufousbellied Bulbul

Ixos mcclellandii

 

403

Ashy Bulbul

Brown-eared Bulbul

Hemixos flavala

 

404

Himalayan Black Bulbul

 

Hypsipetes leucocephalus

Species split:
Square-tailed
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa is found in south India, earlier considered conspecific.

405

Grey-throated Martin

Plain Martin,
Plain Sand
Martin

Riparia chinensis

Species
split: Plain
Martin Riparia paludicola is now extralimital, but considered conspecific with R. chinensis by some authors.

406

Sand Martin

Common
Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

 

407

Pale Martin

Pale Sand Martin

Riparia diluta

 

408

Barn Swallow

Common Swallow

Hirundo rustica

 

409

Wire-tailed Swallow

 

Hirundo smithii

 

410

Eurasian Crag Martin

 

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

 

411

Dusky Crag Martin

 

Ptyonoprogne concolor

 

412

Common House Martin

Northern Housemartin

Delichon urbicum

 

413

Asian House Martin

 

Delichon dasypus

Vagrant

414

Nepal House Martin

 

Delichon nipalense

 

415

Red-rumped Swallow

 

Cecropis daurica

Species
split: Striated
Swallow Cecropis striolata is now considered a separate species, found in NE India.

416

Streak-throated Swallow

Cliff
Swallow,
Indian Cliff
Swallow

Petrochelidon fluvicola

 

417

Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler

Greater Scalybreasted Wrenbabbler

Pnoepyga albiventer

 

418

Nepal Wren-babbler

 

Pnoepyga immaculata

 

419

Grey-bellied Tesia

Grey-bellied Groundwarbler, Yellowbrowed
Tesia

Tesia cyaniventer

 

420

Chestnutheaded Tesia

Chestnutheaded Groundwarbler

Tesia castaneocoronata

 

421

Pale-footed Bush Warbler

 

Cettia pallidipes

 

422

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler

Brownishflanked Bush-
warbler, Strongfooted Bushwarbler

Cettia fortipes

 

423

Chestnutcrowned Bush Warbler

Large Bushwarbler

Cettia major

 

424

Aberrant Bush Warbler

 

Cettia flavolivacea

 

425

Hume's Bush Warbler

Yellowbellied Bushwarbler

Cettia brunnescens

 

426

Grey-sided Bush Warbler

 

Cettia brunnifrons

 

427

Black-faced Warbler

Black-faced Flycatcherwarbler

Abroscopus schisticeps

 

428

Black-throated Tit

Blackthroated
Bushtit,
Red-headed
Tit

Aegithalos concinnus

 

429

White-throated Tit

Whitethroated Bushtit

Aegithalos niveogularis

West Himalayan endemic

430

Common Chiffchaff

 

Phylloscopus collybita

 

431

Mountain Chiffchaff

 

Phylloscopus sindianus

 

432

Plain Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus neglectus

 

433

Dusky Warbler

Dusky Leafwarbler

Phylloscopus fuscatus

 

434

Smoky Warbler

Smoky Leafwarbler

Phylloscopus fuligiventer

 

435

Tickell's Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus
affinis

 

436

Sulphur-bellied Warbler

Olivaceous Leaf-warbler

Phylloscopus griseolus

 

437

Buff-barred Warbler

Orangebarred Leafwarbler

Phylloscopus pulcher

 

438

Ashy-throated Warbler

Grey-faced Leaf-warbler

Phylloscopus maculipennis

 

439

Lemon-rumped Warbler

Pallas'
Leaf Warbler

Phylloscopus chloronotus

 

440

Hume's Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus humei

Species split:
Yellow-browed
Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus is eastern species

441

Greenish Warbler

Greenish
Leaf-warbler

Phylloscopus trochiloides

 

442

Large-billed Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus magnirostris

 

443

Tytler's Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus
tytleri

Near Threatened. West Himalayan Endemic.

444

Western Crowned Warbler

 

Phylloscopus occipitalis

Species split:
Eastern Crowned
Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus is eastern species

445

Blyth's Leaf Warbler

 

Phylloscopus reguloides

 

446

Grey-hooded Warbler

Greyheaded Flycatcher
Warbler

Phylloscopus xanthoschistos

 

447

Greencrowned Warbler

Goldenspectacled
Warbler, Greencrowned Flycatcherwarbler

Seicercus burkii

Species split:
Previously Goldenspectacled
Warbler
Seicercus burkii

448

Whistler's Warbler

Goldenspectacled Warbler,
Whistler's Flycatcherwarbler

Seicercus whistleri

Species split:
Previously Goldenspectacled
Warbler
Seicercus burkii

449

Grey-cheeked Warbler

Greycheeked Flycatcherwarbler

Seicercus poliogenys

 

450

Chestnutcrowned Warbler

Chestnutcrowned Flycatcherwarbler

Seicercus castaniceps

 

451

Clamorous Reed Warbler

Indian
Great Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus stentoreus

Vagrant

452

Moustached Warbler

 

Acrocephalus melanopogon

 

453

Paddyfield Warbler

 

Acrocephalus agricola

 

454

Blyth's Reed Warbler

 

Acrocephalus dumetorum

 

455

Striated Grassbird

Striated
Marsh
Warbler

Megalurus palustris

 

456

Bristled Grassbird

Bristled
Grass
Warbler

Chaetornis striata

Vulnerable

457

Spotted Bush Warbler

 

Bradypterus thoracicus

 

458

Zitting Cisticola

Streaked Fantailwarbler

Cisticola juncidis

 

459

Goldenheaded Cisticola

Goldenheaded
Fantailwarbler, Brightcapped
Cisticola, Brightheaded Cisticola

Cisticola exilis

 

460

Striated Prinia

Brown Hill
Warbler,
Brown
Prinia, Longtailed Hill
Prinia

Prinia crinigera

 

461

Grey-crowned Prinia

Hodgson’s
Prinia,
Hodgson’s Wrenwarbler

Prinia cinereocapilla

Vulnerable

462

Grey-breasted Prinia

Franklin’s
Prinia,
Franklin’s
Wrenwarbler

Prinia hodgsonii

 

463

Graceful Prinia

Streaked
Wren
Warbler

Prinia gracilis

 

464

Jungle Prinia

Jungle Wrenwarbler

Prinia sylvatica

 

465

Yellow-bellied Prinia

Yellowbellied
Wrenwarbler

Prinia flaviventris

 

466

Ashy Prinia

Ashy Wrenwarbler

Prinia socialis

 

467

Plain Prinia

Plain Wrenwarbler

Prinia inornata

 

468

Common Tailorbird

 

Orthotomus sutorius

 

469

Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler

 

Pomatorhinus erythrogenys

 

470

White-browed Scimitar Babbler

Hodgson’s
Scimitar
Babbler

Pomatorhinus schisticeps

 

471

Streakbreasted Scimitar Babbler

Rufousnecked Scimitar
Babbler

Pomatorhinus
ruficollis

 

472

Black-chinned Babbler

 

Stachyridopsis pyrrhops

 

473

Tawny-bellied Babbler

Rufousbellied Babbler

Dumetia hyperythra